The Implications Of “no Child Left Behind”

What exactly does No Child Left Behind really mean? Does that mean that a school bus driver agrees not to leave my child at school, or does it have a deeper meaning for parents to look into? What it really means, is that schools are forced to link the money they receive from the federal government in direct connection to how well students perform academically. Looking at the sheer facts of life, schools must have money in order to educate students.

Yet with the need for money in the schools rising steadily there needed to be a solution to ensure that students were, being taught the skills they needed in order to be successful adults who are capable of securing a job. Many students have graduated from high school in the last several years without the ability to complete many basic tasks such as reading, writing, and elementary level arithmetic.

After experiencing this phenomenon for several years, President Bush stepped up to the plate and proposed tying the results of students to the financial assistance that schools received as an incentive for schools to perform better. A grade was also assigned to schools each year based upon the standardized test scores that would tell parents, educators and the country as a whole how well the schools in a district were performing.

If a school performs badly, parents and students are given the option to transfer to another school that received a better grade; this directly affects the amount of money each school is capable of receiving. This puts a great pressure on schools to perform better. Schools are forced to start taking note, and answering questions in regard to why students are not performing on an acceptable academic level when the report cards come out. Each school has the ability to improve their grades and scores simply by teaching students the information needed.

Many parents are upset by the program; they feel their children are being pushed too hard in classes. Many other parents are very happy with the program; they feel that the schools are just now being forced to be accountable for the education that students are receiving. As the future draws more into the technological era, it becomes clear, that technology is king. In order for students to be able to secure jobs, they must have basic skills and be able to handle the pressures of life.

Students must leave school fully prepared to take on a job, make a name for themselves, and improve their lives. Many students upon graduating from school were forced previously to go onto welfare and take jobs only in low paying jobs that were unable to turn into careers. Many students now are able to go onto decent paying jobs that show the possibility to grow into careers, thus avoiding the welfare trap that many recent graduates were forced into.

How the schools perform in the next few years will really determine how well our outlook is for the job market. With more jobs moving overseas to cheaper labor, it is very important that students leave school with the knowledge and ability to help keep jobs here for the future generations, for it is only with a graduate-led economy we can remain competitive on an international level.

Choose Durable And Safe School Shelters

Fabricated using superior quality material, durable and safe school shelters can not only be used for taking classes outside, but also as a waiting lounge for parents who come to collect their children after school.

School shelters are also in the form of school bus stop shelters. Anybody who is offering some form of public transportation system, such as a bus network is required to provide school bus stop shelters for passengers to use whilst they are waiting for the service. No one likes to wait for a school bus in the rain of high wind. School bus shelters offer protection to the people against inclement weather.

School bus shelters can also act as an advertisement for your company. You can easily get them custom printed and they may act as an attractive billboard for your company. If you are installing school bus stop shelters in order to provide comfort for your passengers, there are a number of factors that you will have to consider.

The first thing to think about is the size of the shelters that you need. For places which have lesser number of passengers, the school bus stop shelters do not need to be all that big, whilst for a public bus network, the shelters need to be big enough to accommodate the number of passengers that you expect to see at each stop. There are various bus shelter suppliers and bus shelter manufactures that will offer you custom made school shelters to meet your exact specifications.

You can also ensure that your school bus stop shelters are designed using corrosion resistant aluminum throughout its framework. It can also have tempered glass for additional safety. Corrosion resistant framework enhances the life of the school shelters.

Passengers make most use of the school bus stop shelters during the rainy weather. So, you must ensure that your school bus stop shelter is designed in a way that it is large enough to provide cover to people waiting for the bus. Installing a bench inside the shelter can be a good idea. It will offer comfort to the people waiting for the bus. Places where both wind and rain are a problem, providing a fully enclosed shelter is advisable. On the other hand, in hotter areas, the bus stop shelter can provide shade to avoid getting burned by the sun whilst waiting for a bus.

Lighting can be added to most designs by using a solar power system that will prevent the need to connect the shelter to the mains electricity. This will make your school bus stop shelter environmentally friendly.

School shelters can also be used as bike shelters and cycle shelters. Both these shelters offer safety to your cycles and motor bikes. In addition, these shelters also protect your cycles from harsh weather. The school shelters are very versatile. This means that they can be adapted to meet any requirements and specifications.

You can easily avail of these school shelters from one of the many online companies dealing in shelters.

Most High School Kids Are Clean And Want To Prove It

The student body took it upon themselves to test each other for alcohol and drug use? Sounds like a drinking game high schoolers would play using a breathalyzer at a party and not within the walls of their high school with a student nurse or counselor near by.

What is remarkable is the recent attention that has been drawn to drug and alcohol high school testing. The state Supreme Court recently ruled unanimously that mandatory drug testing of students is unconstitutional. Random drug testing of athletes, including the rest of the student body violates the privacy clause of the state constitution. So the previous random testing during the 2006-07’ year that was going on at other high schools has been scrapped.

Just because there is a couple bad apples in the group doesn’t mean the entire crop is bad. Students know this and they are eager to prove they are clean. What is more powerful than a “mandatory test” given by the state? A test backed by peer pressure.

A high school in Washington State attempted a two-year voluntary program but only received a 65 percent participation rate and those were only students in extra curricular activities. Although the turn out was low, a noticeable decline of alcohol and drug use could be detected.

Although the Supreme Court ruling is a set back for schools who are attempting to help students, reduce crime or improve a school’s image, the fight is far from over and concerned students, teachers, district heads and counselors are looking into alternatives. What ways could students encourage other students to participate in an all volunteer drug and alcohol testing program? Perhaps “how” students are tested will make the difference.

Previously, urine alcohol testing and swab testing were used to quickly test whether or not a student was using alcohol or drugs. Now, with new technology, there are other less intrusive ways to test students. The procedure is called Hair Alcohol Testing. It is the least intrusive alcohol high school test on the market. Hair alcohol testing is becoming the new preferred method for testing a person for drugs and alcohol for several reasons including:

Accuracy
Long term results- revealing a student’s consumption record up to 12 months with just 1 inch of hair!
Least intrusive method on the market: 1 small inch of scalp hair cut underneath the head
A trusted and respected method for detecting drugs and alcohol

If schools were able to offer an almost fun way to test themselves then perhaps the curiosity alone would temp them to volunteer? With new drug and alcohol testing devices, perhaps states don’t need to get involved at all- just leave it up to good ol peer pressure to change things.

8th Grade Trip to Washington DC

My 8th grade trip to Washington DC was one that I will always cherish. One of my most profound middle school memories is walking into the house where Abraham Lincoln died, The Petersen House. The sun was peeking above the buildings over my right shoulder and my eighth grade boy crush stood just a few students in front of me. We were lined up down the stairs and onto the sidewalk as we listened to the narrator who was telling of how Mr. Lincoln was brought across the street from Ford Theater to be treated by medical staff.

To this day, I am amazed at how vivid the memory of that moment replays in my mind. If you would have asked me on that day if that was something I would remember 20 years in the future, I would have given the usual middle school “I dunno” answer. That answer somehow stands to show the most important memories to students can be ones that might not be apparent to those around them.

When visiting Washington, D.C. on a middle school field trip, we arrived by Amtrak train. As most immediately think of motor coach or school bus, don’t forget that Amtrak trains are still very much alive and well in most of the country. Travel is the experience of the journey, not always the destination. Once we arrived, we did board a bus and we toured the city with a guide who gave us tips about things we would see throughout our four day field trip.

Our student group was told we would see The National Museum of Natural History, The National Air and Space Museum, Washington National Cathedral, Washington Monument and the Lincoln Memorial. I can remember talking amongst friends in the back of the bus about what all those museums held inside. We had heard about spacecrafts hanging from the ceiling in The National Air and Space Museum and we all wanted to guess the correct amount of buildings we would see from the top of the Washington Monument.

I learned a lot about our country’s history on that trip but more importantly, I learned a lot about myself. It was my first overnight trip out of state and I learned how to interact with other students and be responsible for myself. There are endless things to do in Washington, D.C. and below I listed out the top 5 attractions I specifically remember, 20 years later:

1. The Petersen House
2. Ford Theater
3. Washington Monument
4. Iwo Jima Memorial
5. The White House

Article Source: http://EzineArticles.com/8297837

Experience the Best Washington Tour Bus Trips

There is no other place like Washington; this city, the capital of America, houses the White House where the president of America lives. There are numerous museums that you can go and experience and many famous landmarks. This is what makes Washington DC a truly American city.

If you would like to travel to Washington DC I would recommend that tour go by bus for the simple reason that you will be able to experience everything in Washington in this way, without having to worry about traffic or parking. You will also be entertained during your whole trip in and around Washington D.C. by a knowledgeable tour guide. The tour guide will give you juicy tidbits about Washington D.C that you would have never known if you traveled in your own car.

Is this not the way you would like to experience Washington D.C.?

I do understand that you may have an issue traveling with 40 or 50 other people in a bus, but if you think about it properly this is the perfect way to travel with people who have the same interest as you. It really does not matter if you want to experience all the cultural aspects or just the night life. You will travel with like-minded people, which is truly fantastic!

Here are some interesting places to visit in Washington D.C.:

The International Spy Museum, but of course where else in the world would you find a spy museum. Washington is the capital of the spy world I’m sure everyone would love to experience. I highly recommend a tour. You will be taken into the Spy school and briefed so that you can get to your objectives quickly and secretly.

There is also the world famous Smithsonian Institution which consists of 19 museums, 9 research centers and over 140 affiliated museums around the world. It is the largest and most technological museum in the world. To enjoy the Smithsonian Institution properly it is advised that you plan ahead and arrive before the museums open; they all generally open around 10:00am and close 17:30pm. Your first stop should definitely be the Smithsonian Castle as it is the most central place to begin. From there you can head off in any direction.

There is even a Washington DC twilight evening tour. This will enable you to then visit several memorials and key sightseeing areas at night time allowing you to stop and take photos and experience Washington DC at night. This has to be the tour bus trip of a lifetime because you will get key information whilst aboard the tour bus.

I highly recommend that you make use of an online booking system in order to experience any of these are bus trips in Washington DC. This is very important as you will know exactly what you will be given with each tour package. You will also know what to expect from the tour and that they are no hidden surprises. It also makes sense to book at in advance, and with a reputable booking service. This booking service offers live support on the website as well as previous travelers reviews on their travel experience. Why would you want to book anywhere else if you have all the information you need at your fingertips so you can, to book your Washington DC tour bus trip simply and easily.

Article Source: http://EzineArticles.com/3195755

Rise of the glass giants: how modern cities are forcing skyscrapers to evolve

Slick, glassy skyscrapers cast their shadows over the streets and spaces of cities all over the world. These behemoths are notoriously inefficient: glass exteriors trap the sun’s rays during summer and haemorrhage heat throughout the winter, requiring year-round air conditioning and climate control. Dark interiors necessitate vast arrays of bright lighting, while hundreds of computers whirr 24 hours, consuming even more electricity.
At a time when energy efficiency is a matter of global significance, it’s worth considering how these dark, glass giants came to dominate the urban landscape – and how we can build to fix these flaws in the future. In fact, the modern skyscraper emerged from an architectural evolution, which started with the construction of Chicago’s tall office buildings during the 1880s.

UN building in New York.United Nations Photo/Flickr, CC BY-NC-ND

The iconic “International Style” skyscraper – a prismatic glass surface wrapped around a central service core – was envisioned during the 1920s and 1930s, by German architects who fled to America from Germany – notably Walter Gropius and Mies van der Rohe. It was first built in America during the 1950s – the UN Building (1952), Lever House (1954) and the Seagram Tower (1958) of New York are seminal dark glass-walled office buildings, which spawned countless imitators worldwide, until the 1980s.

21st-century style icon

Although the limitations of the International Style became obvious in the late 20th century, when governments implemented stricter energy standards, glass still predominates as we approach 2020. Today’s office skyscrapers, particularly those seen in business districts in the Middle and Far East, use double skin facades – an outer skin of glass wrapping around the real building within – to maintain glassiness and permit daylight, while improving insulation and resistance to solar gain.

Energy-saving features, such as efficient lighting and energy-regenerating elevators are now normal. Trigeneration (heating-cooling-power plants) hum efficiently in the basements, while solar shading and openable windows are sometimes used to reduce air conditioning loads. Green planting is appearing in lobbies and sky gardens, fed by captured rainwater.

The way that cities and workplaces are developing demands even greater change. In an age of rising urbanisation, the American idyll of a compact high-rise business district, surrounded by a vast residential suburban sprawl served by freeways and shopping malls is simply not compatible with the land resources, population, energy and transport requirements of 21st-century cities.

To cope with the pressures of dynamic mass-transit systems and rising land values, urban citizens must grow accustomed to living – as well as working – in high-rise developments, clustered around key transport nodes.

La Defénse, Paris’ high-rise quarter.IceNineJon/Flickr, CC BY-NC-ND

Different cities are responding to these challenges in different ways. London has a policy of clustering tall buildings in groups around key rail stations, maintaining clear view lines in between. These clusters become magnets for additional office and residential towers.

Paris excludes skyscrapers from its centre altogether, limiting them to districts such as La Defense, at the outskirts of the city. Meanwhile, China has built eerie “ghost cities”: entire districts of high-rise buildings, constructed prior to the population moving in.

Mixed-use futures

The way that people use skyscrapers is also changing. For one thing, the internet has reduced the demand for conventional offices. The current trend is for large trading floors, or landscaped office interiors with multi-screen workstations, hot-desking – and meetings held in daylit break-out spaces. There is less need for huge walls of glass. For daylight, there is a return to large glazed windows set in an insulating wall.

Among small businesses, there’s a demand for “incubator” offices, often in converted warehouses. Employees can work from home using video conferencing and virtual networks. Indeed, many redundant office buildings of the 20th century are already converted to residential uses, such as Metro Central and the Southbank Tower in London.

Another major trend is the mixed-use skyscraper, where parking, dining, transport, hotel, offices, social sky-parks, residences, colleges, health and leisure centres are stacked vertically into one single footprint, with food, beverage and retail outlets at ground level. This is becoming the norm in the newest tall buildings, especially in Japan and China.

Mixed-use towers make the best use of land and are more resilient to economic shocks because the rental income comes from lots of different sources – and the flows of people are balanced, instead of peaking twice daily. The idea started in Chicago in 1969, developed in China, and now appears in most global mega-cities. Examples include the London Shard, the Shanghai tower, PS100 (Singapore), Hysan Place (Hong Kong) and the proposed development at 470 11th Ave (New York).

Shanghai Tower.andymiccone/Flickr

New techniques of construction such as ultra-stiff service cores, continuous concrete casting, outriggers, lattice frames and seismic damping systems have made it possible to build very tall. Dubai’s Burj Khalifa exceeds 800 metres, and Jeddah’s Kingdom Tower will reach to 1,000 metres when it’s finished.

Citroën pulls out of SA market

After years of speculation, Citroën is leaving SA. Peugeot Citroën SA MD Francis Harnie confirmed that the famous chevron-wearing marque will no longer be available in the country.
Citroën pulls out of SA market”Although we will concentrate on the Peugeot brand, both Citroën and DS customers will be looked after,” Harnie said.

“Each dealership will retail Peugeot models, but will all offer the entire after-sales service to customers of all three brands. Citroën parts will be handled as Peugeot parts in the future.”

The decision comes as no surprise. This year, Citroën has sold just 440 vehicles in the country and had already said it will not bring its vital new C3 model to our shores.

Its withdrawal comes at a time when the brand is actually enjoying a resurgence elsewhere in the world.

Citroën is the most recent brand to leave the country, after the departure of Daihatsu, Dodge and Chrysler.

Airlines set to post record profits: IATA

GENEVA: The aviation industry is set to post record net earnings this year and is expected to remain profitable in 2017, despite rising oil prices and global political turbulence, its trade association said on Thursday.
Airlines set to post record profits: IATA”Airlines continue to deliver strong results. This year we expect a record net profit of $35.6 billion,” said Alexandre de Juniac, the new head of the International Air Transport Association (IATA).

That makes a decline from the $39.4 billion forecast in June, and IATA said the global net profit was expected to slide to $29.8 billion in 2017. This projection is based on an expected average price per barrel of Brent oil of $55 next year – $10 more than in 2016.

“Even though conditions in 2017 will be more difficult with rising oil prices, we see … a very soft landing and safely in profitable territory,” de Juniac said.

In fact, he said, with 2016 set to post the third consecutive year of net profits, “these three years are the best performance in the industry’s history, irrespective of the many uncertainties we face.”

He pointed out that while most businesses might expect to be profitable year after year, “three years of sustainable profits is a first for the airline industry.”

“Record profits for airlines means earning more than our cost of capital,” he said.

IATA pointed out that 2016 was expected to mark the highest absolute profit ever generated by the airline industry, and, at 5.1 percent, the highest net profit margin.

But de Juniac acknowledged that “risks are abundant – political, economic and security among them. And controlling costs is still a constant battle in our hyper-competitive industry.”

IATA financial chief Brian Pearce meanwhile pointed to large uncertainties linked to Britain’s decision to leave the European Union and the recent US elections, with President-elect Donald Trump expected to push US economic policy towards more protectionism and less reliance on taxes.

In 2016, the number of airline passengers hit 3.8 billion, and is expected to close in on the 4.0 billion mark in 2017, IATA said, adding that it expected that number to swell to 7.2 billion by 2035.

“That growth will bring net economic benefits. But only if infrastructure development can keep pace,” he warned.

“Unfortunately, I believe that we are headed for an infrastructure crisis,” he said, stressing the urgent need to grow airport capacity, especially at hubs like New York, Bangkok, Mumbai, Mexico City and Sao Paolo.

He also mentioned the proposed third runway at London Heathrow. “The decision to build is welcome, but the estimated cost of 17 billion pounds is outrageous,” he said, adding: “To put that into context, for that money, the UK could have built and hosted the 2012 Olympic Games twice over.”

How To Select The Best Private School In Wa

If you are considering enrolling your child or children in a private school in WA, you may have made that decision for one of many reasons. Some children may not receive the individualized attention they require, especially those with special needs. A public school may not offer the academic programs you want your child to receive. Perhaps you want your child to receive his or her education with religious teachings. In any case, you need to consider several factors before enrolling your child in a WA private school, as not all are created equal.

Before you set out to evaluate any local WA private school, you need to recognize what your child requires in terms of academics, safety and special needs. Make a list of several elements that you feel a private school in WA should have. After you identify the needs of your child, you are ready to access the WA Christian and private schools in your area.

Although there are numerous private schools in the state of Washington, you need to consider the distance your child will be traveling to every day. No matter how wonderful the school may be, it doesn’t make sense to attend a school that is located far from home. If you choose a school that is not within walking distance of your home, does the school provide bus transpiration? If not, consider the inconvenience of having to drive your child to school and pick him or her up every day.

Before you make an evaluation of the private schools in your area, you will need to determine what your budget allows and compare costs among schools. If you choose a boarding school for your child, it will cost considerably more, as you are paying for room and board. Take into consideration all aspects of the tuition and cost for books, supplies and transpiration.

You must also consider what type of education you wish for your child. Do you want your child to receive religious education, or do you prefer a school with a military background? Do you want your son or daughter to go to an all boys or all girls private school? If your child is interested in a particular field, such as music, drama or art, you might want to choose a private school in Washington that offers specialized programs. For instance, an art school or an acting school may be a good choice for your child. This will ensure he or she will receive education in subjects of interest. Perhaps you want your young son or daughter to remain in a particular private school throughout the elementary years. If this is the case, choose a school for grades K-6, or possibly 1-12.

Set up an appointment with the private school and meet with faculty members and teachers. Learn their attitudes and philosophies. Note the interaction between students, teachers and staff. Inquire about the views on parents’ involvement with the school. In addition, ask about special services the school offers, such as a library and guidance counseling. Some private schools in Washington also employ a school psychologist on site.

Also, when visiting the school note whether there have been achievement awards or awards of recognition for the school. There are several other questions you should ask while visiting a private school. Ask about discipline policies the school initiates. Inquire about school safety and security on the premises. Consider the size of the classroom and how many students per class. Ask about a Parent Teacher Association and what the policy is. If English is not your child’s primary language, will he or she be taught how to speak it fluently?

It is a good idea to do your evaluations and research well in advance. If open enrollment is fast approaching, you don’t want to be told you must wait until next year. Lastly, encourage your child all decision making regarding what private school he or she will attend.

Greatest Risk In School Travel Is Not On School Buses

WASHINGTON — Children are at far more risk traveling to and from school in private passenger vehicles — especially if a teen-age driver is involved — than in school buses, says a new report from the National Academies’ Transportation Research Board. Bicycling and walking also place students at greater risk than traveling by school bus. National data assessing the risk of different modes of school transportation need to be made available to help parents, students, and officials at the state and local levels make more informed decisions regarding safety, said the committee that wrote the report.

“Each state, school district, and private school must assess its own situation and circumstances,” said committee chair H. Douglas Robertson, director, Highway Safety Research Center, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill. “The goal is to improve the safety of all children traveling to and from school, and to provide information to communities so that they can make informed choices that balance their needs and resources.”

Every year, about 800 school-age children are killed in motor vehicle crashes during normal school travel hours — weekday mornings and afternoons during school months — accounting for about 14 percent of the 5,600 child deaths that occur on the nation’s roadways. Of these 800 deaths, only about 2 percent are school-bus related, while 74 percent occur in private passenger vehicles and 22 percent are the result of pedestrian or bicycle accidents. More than half of all deaths of children between age 5 and 18 occur during normal school travel hours when a teen-ager is driving.

When students are injured or killed in crashes involving school buses, the link to school travel seems obvious, but when such casualties occur while traveling to and from school by other modes of transportation, the association is often not made. Congress asked the National Research Council to study the safety issues posed by all travel modes so that an accurate comparison could be made.

The report considered six transportation modes. In assessing buses, the committee looked at school buses as well as public transit buses and motor coach services. Passenger vehicles were divided into two categories, those driven by individuals 19 or older and those driven by operators under 19 years of age, mostly students. Data on pedestrians and bicyclists traveling to and from school also were examined.

The dramatic difference in risk across transportation modes at the national level suggests that more can be done to manage and reduce those dangers, the committee said. School districts should facilitate travel by safer modes while working to improve others that are less safe. For example, walking and bicycling could be made safer by improving sidewalks and protection at street crossings as well as building more bike paths. A dialogue among parents, schools, and other relevant organizations also needs to be established, encouraging collaboration to promote safe practices for students using all modes.

To help identify the risks of school travel, the committee developed a risk-management framework. This framework should be included among the tools used to make decisions on locations of schools, changes in the amount of student parking provided, or changes in the area serviced by school buses. For example, increasing the distance that students must live from school to qualify for school-bus service may save money but it also shifts children to travel modes that are less safe. Alternatively, providing school-bus service for middle school children attending after-school activities could reduce the risk of injury and fatality significantly. These examples, however, are based on national averages and do not reflect the variations that exist on a local or school-district level.

More research and evaluation are needed to provide local decision-makers with better guidance on how to reduce school travel risks, the committee said. Data limitations also pose problems. At present, a lack of uniformity in local- and state-level data hinders risk analyses in individual school districts. National data provide helpful insights, but could be improved by using consistent definitions. Before gathering new data, however, the cost-effectiveness of doing so needs to be examined.

The study was sponsored by the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration of the U.S. Department of Transportation. The National Research Council is the principal operating arm of the National Academy of Sciences and the National Academy of Engineering. It is a private, nonprofit institution that provides independent advice on science and technology issues under congressional charter. A committee roster follows.